IDWeek 2015: Affordable Care Act Coverage Improves Chances of HIV Viral Suppression

Enrolling low-income and under-insured people with HIV in an Affordable Care Act (ACA) health plan improves their odds of having sustained antiretroviral treatment and undetectable viral load, according to a presentation at ID Week 2015 in San Diego. This study adds to the recent evidence confirming the benefits of providing healthcare coverage for people living with HIV.


Certain Vaginal Bacteria May Protect Against HIV Transmission During Sex

Specific types of Lactobacillus bacteria in the vaginal mucus can trap HIV and may help prevent sexual transmission of the virus to women, according to a report in the October 6 edition of the online journal mBio. Conversely, researchers found that another species associated with bacterial vaginosis may increase susceptibility to HIV infection.


People with HIV Are at Higher Risk for Several Types of Cancer, Large Study Finds

People living with HIV remain at risk for AIDS-defining cancers in the era of effective antiretroviral therapy, and also have higher rates of several non-AIDS cancers than the general population, including lung, anal, and liver cancer, according to findings from a study of more than 86,000 HIV-positive people published in the October 6 Annals of Internal Medicine.


IDWeek 2015 Features HIV and Hepatitis C Prevention, Treatment, and Cure Research

Immediate antiretroviral therapy is the big HIV news of the year and interferon-free therapy has transformed the treatment of hepatitis C despite its high cost, experts said during an overview of "What's Hot" in the field, presented at the IDWeek conference taking place this week in San Diego. Participants also heard a keynote talk by Ian Crozier, a doctor who survived Ebola virus disease.


Coverage of 2015 Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy coverage of the 55th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC), San Diego, September 17-21, 2015.

Highlights of this year's conference include experimental antiretroviral drugs and treatment strategies, HIV prevention, and comorbidities among people with HIV and HIV/HCV coinfection.

Full listing by topic

ICAAC website



Recent Infection and Treatment Interruptions Are Key Periods for HIV Transmission

A large proportion of HIV transmissions occur during recent infection or antiretroviral therapy interruptions, Swiss investigators report in the September 19 advance edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases. Overall, 44% of transmissions were associated with recent infection and 14% could be attributed to treatment interruptions. The authors believe these findings represent a major challenge for treatment as prevention (TasP) strategies.


High Standards of Care Associated with Reduced Mortality Risk for Veterans with HIV

Quality of care (QOC) during the first 12 months after entering HIV care is associated with longer-term mortality risk, investigators from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs report in the September 3 online edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases. Patients who received at least 80% of recommended quality of care indicators were 25% less likely to die during follow-up when compared to those who received less than 80%. Good outcomes were observed for people with drug or alcohol problems who received a high level of care.